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African American Soldiers 1 doughboys with mules pilots in dress uniforms The pilots Mule Rearing Riveters gas masks African American Officers

NJ WWI Related Locations

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Spirit of the American Doughboy - Secaucusloupe
Police Station, John Street & Paterson Plank Road
Secaucus
NJ
USA 07094
1927
EM Viquesney

This sculpture is one of many casts made from EM Viquesney's doughboy design. Monuments using this design are scattered around NJ & the US.

This bronze cast sculpture, set upon a granite base, depicts a World War I infantryman advancing through the stumps and barbed wire of "No Man's Land."  He holds a rifle in his left hand & a grenade in his raised right hand.

The monument was erected in memory of Joseph Hassendorder, who made the supreme sacrifice, and in honor of the boys of Secaucus who served their country in the World War.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000238. 

Photo courtesy of:  Michael Herrick & Historical Marker Database

 
Spruce Street Bridge Plaque - Patersonloupe
Corner of Spruce St & McBride Ave
Paterson
NJ
USA 07501
1932

One of several WWI memorials in the city of Paterson, the original Spruce Street Bridge War Memorial plaque was dedicated on Memorial Day, 1932 to those who served in World War I. 

The bridge is adjacent to the Passaic River, just above Paterson's Great Falls located in Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park. The bridge/overlook contains several low granite steps and a granite floor, bounded by a paneled concrete railing.  The modern replica bronze plaque is mounted to the central panel. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office 

 
St. James Episcopalian Church Memorial Bell Tower - Montclairloupe
583 Valley Road
Montclair
NJ
USA 07043
1919

The Memorial Bell Tower at St. James Episcopal Church replaced the original steeple in 1919, honoring the church members who served in World War I.   Seven young men died in the war; 91 others fought and returned home. 

The Bell Tower contains 13 bells that have rung hourly for almost a century.  Seven bells are engraved with the name of one of the soldiers killed. 

Beneath the cornerstone of the tower is a bronze medal commemorating the signing of the Treaty of Peace at Versailles.  The buttresses contain shields symbolizing the US, England, Belgium, France & Italy, as well as Victory, and the 29th & 78th Army Divisions which included New Jersey troops.  A bronze tablet honor roll is set into the tower's vestibule wall. 

Vintage postcard courtesy of:  Montclair Historical Society
Bells photo courtesy of:  Montclair Public Library Local History Collection

 
TA Gillespie Loading Company - Morgan (Sayreville)loupe
Route 35 & Ernston Road
Morgan
NJ
USA 08879

The TA Gillespie Company Shell Loading Plant produced & shipped ammunition for overseas military action during World War I. It was one of the largest facilities of its kind at the time.

On October 4, 1918, the plant exploded, killing approximately 100 people, destroying 300 buildings & causing $18 million in damages. The series of explosions continued for two days – an estimated 12,000,000 pounds (5,400 tons) of explosives were destroyed.

The devastation forced reconstruction of adjacent towns of South Amboy & Sayreville. According to a 1919 government report, the explosion destroyed enough ammunition to supply the Western Front for six months.

The plant had begun production just three months earlier, and the war itself ended just one month after the explosion.

The totality of the event ranked as one of the largest man-made, non-nuclear explosions in history. The strongest individual blast broke windows as far away as Manhattan & Asbury Park, more than 25 miles distant.

After the war, the company was renamed Gillespie Motor Company in 1919, merged to form Gillespie-Eden Corporation in 1920, and disappeared sometime after 1923.

See post (below):  TA Gillespie Loading Company Explosion Memorial & Mass Grave - Parlin. 

Photos courtesy of:
Gillespie Ammunitions Complex Blueprint - National Archives
Gillespie Ammunitions Complex Diagram - US Army Corp of Engineers 

 
TA Gillespie Loading Company Explosion Memorial & Mass Grave - Parlinloupe
Ernst Memorial Cemetery, 328 Ernston Road
Parlin
NJ
USA 08859

It was in 1918, at 7:40pm when the first of a series of explosions spanning two days went off in Building 6-1-1 of the TA Gillespie Shell Loading Plant in rural Morgan, NJ.  The building contained equipment which melted and poured Amatol - a Trinitrotoluol (TNT)-based explosive - into 155mm artillery shells for shipment to France for use in WWI. 

The remains of 14-18 unfortunate souls, who were so badly disintegrated by the blasts, were buried in a mass grave in nearby Ernst Memorial Cemetery (Parlin, NJ).  The task of trying to identify the unidentifiable and to witness & certify each burial fell to South Amboy resident, Michael Nagel, who later became the Commander of American Legion Luke A. Lovely Post #62. 

In 1929, 11 years after the blast, the South Amboy Lions Club erected this monument at the site of the 20' x 35' grave. 

Narrative adapted from Morgan, NJ website. 

Photos courtesy of:
Gillespie Explosion crater 1918 & Power House - Atlas Obscura
Locomotive - National Archives
Morgan residents fleeing - New York Times 
Monument - NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
Talerhoff Internment Camp Memorial - Jacksonloupe
162-174 Cassville Road
Jackson
NJ
USA 08527
1964

The Talerhoff Internment Camp Memorial was erected in 1964 by members of the Russian-American community to pay tribute to the memory of the men & women placed in the Austrian camp during World War I. 

Jackson, NJ has a Russian community due to the employees at the Russian ordinance proving grounds in adjacent Lakehurst, NJ.  These were "White Russians," originating from Minsk (today's Belarus) around the time of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917.  These citizens formed the Russian Consolidated Mutual Aid Society of America (ROVA), who helped create this memorial. 

This monument consists of a granite tapered pillar atop a two-tiered rectangular stone base.  It has two identical sides - one in English, the other in Russian - consisting of a relief of the Russian Orthodox cross encircled in a laurel wreath above an inscription dedicating the monument. 

Photos courtesy of:  Ocean County Cultural & Heritage Commission 

 
Temple of Victory - Manalapanloupe
Old Tennent Church, 448 Tennent Road
Manalapan
NJ
USA 07726
1920
LL Manning & Son

This Temple of Victory Monument, located at Manalapan's Old Tennent Church Cemetery, is dedicated to Monmouth County residents who lost their lives in World War I. 

It consists of an elaborate Barre granite canopy supported by four corner Doric columns, resting on two, tiered, square concrete slabs.  The base is 10' square; the dome is 14' high.  The canopy consists of a round ceiling slab with angled square corner blocks, decorated with stars & crossed weapons. 

Standing under the canopy is a stone slab with slanted upper surface commemorating the monument. 

The designers & builders were LL Manning & Son of Plainfield, NJ.  The monument was dedicated on November 21, 1920 with an address by New York lawyer, Howard R. Cruse.  The Camp Vail band performed. 

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
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Terradell Memorial - Trentonloupe
1001 W. State Street
Trenton
NJ
USA 08618
1925
Samuel Mountford

This fountain memorial, was originally topped by an Italian marble statue of a figure holding a torch.  It was erected on the grounds of Trenton Junior High School #3 (presently Trenton High School West) as a memorial to Russell Terradell of Trenton & other Trenton men who gave their lives during World War I.  The memorial was dedicated on July 4, 1925. 

It was a gift of Mrs. Elliott F. Shepard, sister of Mr. Terradell.  The basin & base of the monument were designed by Samuel Mountford.

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
Tessie McNamara Marker | Kingsland Explosion - Lyndhurstloupe
Clay Avenue & Valley Brook
Lyndhurst
NJ
USA 07071

This monument was erected in honor of the young switchboard operator at the munitions plant of the Canadian Car & Foundry Company near Kingsland. Glancing out the window in her workplace, she noticed a wisp of smoke curling from the eaves of Building 30 where 200 gallons of gasoline were stored.

Back at her switchboard, she connected with shed after shed, giving the message that there was a fire in Shed 30 and that all men should leave the area as soon as possible.  As she made her final calls, shells started to explode, and one shell piece came through the roof, grazing her.  She fainted.  Several fireman dragged the unconscious young woman out of the range of the explosions and loaded her into an automobile to be driven to the hospital.  Ms. McNamara lived until 1971. 

Photo courtesy of:  Bill Coughlin & Historical Marker Database

 
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The Victor - Woodburyloupe
Woodbury High School, N. Broad Street & Newton Avenue
Woodbury
NJ
USA 08096
1924
Robert Tait McKenzie

This World War I memorial of a bronze doughboy is depicted striding forward with his rifle held over his left shoulder and a large pack on his back.  In his extended right hand, he carries his helmet and an olive branch. 

The memorial was erected in 1924 under the sponsorship of the local chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, who raised $10,000 in contributions from the community. 

The figure was designed by Robert Tait McKenzie of Philadelphia; the Indiana limestone base by Paul P. Cret, head of the Department of Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania.

Narrative adapted from James D. Carpenteer, “History of Woodbury” (1936) and Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #77002574.

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 

NJ WW1 Centennial Logo cmyk GrayBckgrnd

The State of New Jersey

Contact: NewJersey@worldwar1centennial.org

 

New Jersey World War I
Centennial Partners

New Jersey Historical Commission
sara.cureton@sos.nj.gov

New Jersey Historic Preservation Office
doug.mcvarish@dep.nj.gov

New Jersey State Museum
nicholas.ciotola@sos.nj.gov

New Jersey State Archives
veronica.calder@sos.nj.gov

Rutgers University
rbecker@rulmail.rutgers.edu

New Jersey National Guard Militia Museum
http://nj.gov/military/museum/contact.html

"Pershing" Donors

$5 Million +


Founding Sponsor
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The Lilly Endowment