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NJ WWI Related Locations

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Rock of the Marne - Burlingtonloupe
540 High Street
Burlington
NJ
USA 08016
1923

Rock of the Marne - Burlington

100 Cities / 100 Memorials

100c 100m wwi centennial plaque The Rock of the Marne monument, designed by famed sculptor Roland Hinton Perry, located at the American Legion Post 79 on 540 High Street, is at the entryway to Burlington City. This statue continues to commemorate the loss lives and broken families of World War I as “the war to end all wars.” It portrays an American “Doughboy” ready to protect and defend. The statue was dedicated in memory of the dead from the 38th Infantry Regiment. The sculptor, Roland Hinton Perry, had a national reputation: Before his death in 1941, his work included two memorable statues at Gettysburg and the elaborate Court of Neptune fountain at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. The monument consists of a copper WWI soldier in uniform with his front foot anchored on a rock. The soldier holds an angled rifle with bayonet, and has a pack against his chest.  The monument, in front of the VFW Memorial Hall, is flanked by several other war memorials. Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office.  Night photo - Nicholas J. Cuozzo . Vintage postcard - Rutgers University Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives

 
Rose Window, Church of the Redeemer - Morristownloupe
36 South Street
Morristown
NJ
USA 07960
Parish & Schroeder

The striking rose window in the façade of Morristown’s Church of the Redeemer is dedicated as a memorial to those who returned from World War I.  Built in 1917, the pudding stone, Gothic Revival church was designed by the NY architectural firm, Parish & Schroeder. 

The stained glass rose window features elaborate stone tracery radiating from a central stone quatrefoil containing the Greek letters, Alpha and Omega.  Radiating spokes form the stems of elaborate leaves, each of which has a central stained glass shield. Between the spokes are six stained glass figures, possibly representing Apostles.  The beautiful window is placed within a circular quarry-faced stone surround.  The window was designed & fabricated by the English firm of Heaton, Butler & Bayne. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office 

 
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Roseville Avenue Armory - Newarkloupe
120 Roseville Avenue
Newark
NJ
USA 07107

Built in 1910, the Roseville Avenue Armory was home to the elite horsemen of Essex Troop, which joined the National Guard in 1893 as Cavalry Company A.  The troop trained & held mounted drills at the site. 

The Essex Troop was called to active duty in 1917 for service in World War I.  They served in France not as cavarly, but as military police & artillery. 

Today, the old Essex Troop lineage is carried on in the 102nd Armored Regiment. 

Narrative adapted from NJ State Dept. of Military & Veterans Affairs official website. 

Photos courtesy of:  Col. Leonard Luzky

 
Second Ward War Memorial - Patersonloupe
Westside Park, Totawa Avenue
Paterson
NJ
USA 07502
1920
Gaetano Federici

Paterson's Second Ward War Memorial is an allegorical female figure of America.  She stands holding a staff in her right hand, classically draped in long robes.  On her head, she wears a laurel wreath.  A flag with the words "Don't Tread on Me" hangs on her left side.

The sculptor was Paterson's own, Gaetano Federici. 

The inscription reads:  "Erected by the People of the Second Ward and Friends in honor of those who served and died for our country in the World War 1917-1918 / Died in Service (list of 25 names) Nurses in Service (list of 10 names) Enlisted in Service (list of 38 names)."

A bronze plaque on back of base lists an additional 216 names. 

The sculpture was originally installed on a center island in Union Avenue, then was moved to the north side of the street, and was later relocated to West Side Park in 1949 due to traffic concerns and increasing vandalism. In West Side Park, the sculpture was installed in the center of a large circular reflecting pool, but the pool was later drained. Vandalism continued in West Side Park, and in 1979, the sculpture was knocked to the ground in an unsuccessful theft attempt. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #77002923.

Photos courtesy of: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

 
Singer Sewing Machine Company - Elizabethloupe
First & Trumble Streets
Elizabeth
NJ
USA 07206

In 1873, the Singer Sewing Machine Manufacturing Co. purchased 32 acres of land in Elizabeth, NJ and established its first factory in the US. The company isn’t credited with inventing the sewing machine, but founder Isaac Singer made crucial improvements to machine designs, patenting 12 ideas in 1857 alone.  By the time the Elizabeth factory opened, Singer was selling more sewing machines than all of its competitors combined.

During WWI, the Singer Company converted from manufacturing sewing machines to making 75-mm cannons & the famous .45 automatic pistol. 

The factory operated in Elizabeth for 109 years.  In 1982, the last 560 workers at the 1,400,000 square foot factory were laid off, and the facility closed.  The building still stands & is home to an industrial park. 

Narrative adapted from "Made in Jersey: Singer sewing machines had the market sewn up;" Greg Hatala; The Star-Ledger, November 18, 2013. 

Photo courtesy of:  New Jersey State Archives

 
Site of Signing of US WWI Peace Treaty - Raritanloupe
Routes 28 & 202/206 (Entrance to Somerville Shopping Center)
Raritan
NJ
USA 08869

The following is an account of the signing of the US WWI Peace Treaty published in the New York Times issue of May 27, 1984: 

"Although the other Allies accepted the Treaty of Versailles, a vicious, partisan battle over its adoption erupted in the United States.  ... Formal peace did not come for another two years: July 2, 1921. The place the war ended was in rural Somerset County. 

The US resolution contained some of the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, but not membership in the League of Nations.

As the debate in Congress was ending, President Warren Harding left to spend a relaxing Fourth of July weekend at the picturesque country home of Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen in Somerville, NJ.

The President was accompanied by his wife and a group of cronies from the Senate and the House. The Presidential party arrived on Friday evening, July 1, after taking the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Washington to Bound Brook.

The following day, a White House courier arrived with the resolution that had just been adopted by Congress, and reporters described the ensuing events with the sort of colorful journalistic detail that characterized newspaper reporting in those days.

President Harding, who had been playing golf at the Somerset Hills Country Club, returned to the Frelinghuysen home in an automobile. He was wearing ''a Palm Beach suit, white shoes, white socks with black clocks, a white shirt buttoned by removable gold studs and a green and red bow tie.''

He met the White House courier on the front porch, where he read through the documents. The President then entered through the front door and sat at a table.

About 30 people crowded into the room, including reporters, photographers, Secret Service agents, Washington dignitaries, the Frelinghuysen children, the acting Governor of New Jersey, butlers, maids, chauffeurs and gardeners.

A reporter asked Senator Frelinghuysen what he called the room.

''Oh, I don't know,'' he said, ''library, living room, parlor - anything you please.''

A group of Somerset County officials, including Sherrif Bogart Conkling, had brought along a feathery quill pen for the President to use, but he instead took a ''new steel pen in an ordinary wooden holder'' from Senator Frelinghuysen.

In silence, except for the clicking of cameras, the President signed the resolution.

''That's all,'' he said, in what must be one of the most unmemorable lines ever uttered in a historic moment.

At that point, a large drop of ink fell from the pen to the page, obscuring part of Mr. Harding's signature. An aide applied a blotter, and the document was placed in a leather pouch to be returned to Washington.

After a few moments of conversation, the President and his party departed for some more golf, this time at the Raritan Valley Country Club.

Nobody is quite sure how it got there, but the desk on which President Harding signed the resolution is tucked away in a small room in the concrete and glass library on the Rutgers-Newark campus. There is no plaque or marker on it, and it is used principally as a conference table for librarians."

Today, a small plaque commemorates the location of the former Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen home in Somerville, NJ.  It is located at the entrance to the Somerville Circle Shopping Center. 

Photo courtesy of: Somerset County Historical Society; original credit:  Unionist-Gazette newspaper, 1921 

 

 
Soldiers & Sailors Memorial - Lakewoodloupe
2503 N. Lake Drive
Lakewood
NJ
USA 08701
1922

This elaborate memorial rests on a slightly curved stone base with four Corinthian columns supporting an ornate, slightly curved roof.  Between the columns stands a stone pedestal with a bronze plaque on the front, topped by an eagle with its wings outspread. 

This memorial, commemorating those who served in World War I, was designed by J&R Lamb Company of New York, and erected by Ellsworth Matthews of Lakewood, NJ.  The local War Memorial Committee raised $8,000 through benefit dances and personal contributions over a two-year period. 

This monument replaced a temporary wooden one that was located at the intersection of Second Street & Clifton Avenue. 

Photo courtesy of:  Ocean County Cultural & Heritage Commission 
Vintage photo courtesy of:  Sheldon Wolpin Lakewood Historical Museum 

 
Soldiers & Sailors Memorial - Ramseyloupe
Bonnyview Park
Ramsey
NJ
USA 07446
1920s

The Soldiers and Sailors Monument in Ramsey, NJ is an elegant classical composition that sits in a grassy island in a park.  Flanked by two other honor roll memorials, the monuments are set in front of a backdrop of six flagpoles with flags, three on either side of the World War I monument.

The monument sits on a stone slab base constructed of three stepped slabs. Rising from either side of the top slab are baseless fluted Doric columns with a full entablature including triglyphs and guttae. The monument is crowned by a pedimented gable. A bronze honor roll plaque is set in a stone surround between the two columns.

Photos courtesy of:  Ramsey Historical Association
Vintage postcard courtesy of:  Ramsey Historical Association, Collection of Daniel Kennedy 

 
Soldiers & Sailors Monument - Jersey Cityloupe
Leonard Gordon Park, Kennedy Blvd & Manhattan Avenue
Jersey City
NJ
USA 07307
1930

This Soldiers & Sailors Monument is a full-length figure of a World War I soldier, wearing a uniform and hat. His left arm is outstretched holding a rifle.  In his right hand he holds a grenade which he is positioned to toss. The painted bronze sculpture stands on a white concrete base. 

The monument was installed by the Hudson City Soldiers & Sailors Welfare League in 1930.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)  inventory #NJ000481.

Photo courtesy of: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

   
 
Soldiers & Sailors Monument - Wallingtonloupe
Paterson Avenue & Union Plaza
Wallington
NJ
USA 07057

Wallington's monument was created by local citizens as an expression of gratitude, respect & remembrance to those who served in the "Great War." 

Wallington's VFW Pavlick-Koster Post #1640, named after two Wallington war heroes, was formed in 1932, with 40 World War I veterans. 

In addition, an honor roll, framing the names of all the men in service, is still displayed in the council chamber of the municipal building.

Narrative adapted from Wallington Borough, NJ official website. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 

NJ WW1 Centennial Logo cmyk GrayBckgrnd

The State of New Jersey

Contact: NewJersey@worldwar1centennial.org

 

New Jersey World War I
Centennial Partners

New Jersey Historical Commission
sara.cureton@sos.nj.gov

New Jersey Historic Preservation Office
doug.mcvarish@dep.nj.gov

New Jersey State Museum
nicholas.ciotola@sos.nj.gov

New Jersey State Archives
veronica.calder@sos.nj.gov

Rutgers University
rbecker@rulmail.rutgers.edu

New Jersey National Guard Militia Museum
http://nj.gov/military/museum/contact.html

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