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NJ WWI Related Locations

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National Guard Militia Museum of NJ - Sea Girtloupe
Sea Girt Avenue & Camp Drive
Sea Girt
NJ
USA 08750

The National Guard Militia Museum presents the role of the NJ Militia & National Guard within the context of the larger history of the state, using original and reproduction uniforms, weapons, photographs, artifacts & art.   Periods covered begin with the Dutch, Swedish & British colonization of America, & continue through the Revolution, Civil War, World Wars I & II to the present day, paying particular attention to the diversity of the state's citizen soldiers and their experiences. 

Narrative adapted from the National Guard Militia Museum of NJ website.

Photo courtesy of:  National Guard Militia Museum of NJ

 
National Guard Militia Museum of NJ Annex - Lawrencevilleloupe
Artillery Armory, 151 Eggerts Crossing Road
Lawrenceville
NJ
USA 08648

The Artillery Annex to the Militia Museum of New Jersey is located at the Artillery Armory in Lawrenceville, NJ. Items on exhibit include weapons, uniforms & other equipment from various periods of service.

There are two rooms dedicated to military memorabilia from the Civil War and a "Model Room" with over 100 small-scale models of military equipment. In the Drill Hall is the work area for the Cannon Shop with several pieces of military equipment on display. Additionally, about 15 tanks, vehicles and cannon are on display outside. 

Narrative adapted from the NJ Army National Guard website. 

Photo courtesy of:  National Guard Militia Museum of NJ

 

 
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New York Shipbuilding - Camdenloupe
Camden
NJ
USA 08104

The New York Shipbuilding Corporation was founded in 1899 by industrialist Henry G. Morse. Its name reflects its originally intended location in Staten Island, New York. Land proved to be cheaper in Camden, New Jersey, so Morse constructed the shipyard there on 160 acres on the east side of the Delaware River and retained its originally incorporated name.

From the outset it was decided to break away from the accepted traditions of shipbuilding and construct a yard which employed the most up-to-date machinery and advanced methods of structural steel construction. The keel was laid for its first ship on November 29, 1900.

By the time America entered World War I, NY Shipbuilding had grown to be the largest shipyard in the world. 

The company had significant government contracts during both World Wars and built ships for the United States Navy and the Emergency Fleet Corporation. World War I-era ships constructed at the yard included primarily tankers, colliers, and passenger/cargo vessels, many under Emergency Fleet Corporation contracts.

Narrative adapted from The New York Shipbuilding Corporation, 50 Years: New York Shipbuilding, Camden, New Jersey (1949).

Photos courtesy of:
Black & white photos - 50 Years: New York Shipbuilding, Camden, New Jersey
Vintage postcards - Rutgers University Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives

 
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NJ State Museumloupe
205 W. State Street
Trenton
NJ
USA 08608

The New Jersey State Museum preserves objects that document the lives of people who lived in New Jersey from the 17th century to the present, including an array of artifacts relating to the first World War. The World War I collection consists of more than 80 Liberty Loan, Red Cross, Food Administration, and recruitment posters that were designed and printed as propaganda to inspire American commitment to the cause of war. Additionally, the collection includes assorted personal items from the World War I era including uniforms, equipment, medals, war souvenirs, and even a bugle that sounded the Armistice on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, 1918.

The State Museum also serves as the official caretaker of the State of New Jersey’s collection of 192 military flags dating from the 1860s through 1940. Although the majority of these flags are from the Civil War era, the State House Flag Collection also contains nearly 50 flags carried oversees by New Jersey soldiers who served with the 29th and 78th Divisions in World War I. The flags were returned to Trenton after the Armistice at the request of state officials and have been preserved by the State of New Jersey for the past 100 years. 

Photos courtesy of the New Jersey State House & State Capitol Joint Management Commission

 
Nutley Memorial Parkway - Nutleyloupe
Chestnut Street
Nutley
NJ
USA 07110

The Nutley Memorial Parkway was laid out and dedicated to honor the men and women of Nutley who served in World War I. On Armistice Day 1935, a memorial tablet to Dr. George B. Philhower was erected on the Parkway to honor the doctor who was its main advocate.

Narrative adapted from American Legion Centennial Celebration website.

 
Pennsylvania Shipbuilding Company - Gloucester Cityloupe
Gloucester City
NJ
USA 08030
The Pennsylvania Shipbuilding Company (also known as Pusey and Jones Shipyard) was established during World War I to provide tankers and cargo ships for the United States Shipping Board for use in the war effort. Known briefly as Pennsylvania Shipbuilding Company, after a few months its name changed to Pusey and Jones, reflecting its ownership by the well-known Wilmington, DE shipbuilder.

Although only in operation a little more than a year, the yard built six tankers and 14 cargo ships. Many of the ships were named to reflect their military use: War Serpent, War Horse, and War Priest; or to commemorate prominent individuals in American history: Daniel Webster, John Adams, Ethan Allen, and Patrick Henry; or Revolutionary War battles: Chestnut Hill and Brandywine.

To house the hundreds of shipyard workers, the company constructed a nearby company town. Originally known as Noreg, it now comprises the major portion of the Borough of Brooklawn in Camden County.

The photographic and manuscript archives for Pusey and Jones are available in the collections of the Hagley Museum & Library, Wilmington, DE.

Narrative adapted from: “Pusey & Jones, Gloucester City, N.J.”, shipbuildinghistory.com, & “Pusey and Jones”, militaryheritage.org.

Photos courtesy of: The Hagley Library, Audiovisual Collections, Wilmington, DE
All images are c.1917 & include the launching of the oil tanker, Desdemona. 
 
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PIcatinny Arsenal was founded in 1880 as the Picatinny Powder Depot. It is located in a valley between two sets of hills to shield the surrounding countryside from any accidental explosions. Gunpowder was manufactured until after World War I, at which time the facility also began producing heavy munitions and grew more involved in research & development activities. Testing and control laboratories were established during the WWI years, as well as the beginning of a small experimental plant for the design and development of artillery ammunition. 

With the declaration of war in April 1917, Picatinny Arsenal's workforce jumped from 450 to 1,300; then jumped again to 2,167 in 1918.  By July 1919, it was back down to 509. 

The arsenal continued to function as a research & development facility in the years between the two world wars. Major accomplishments of this period included better methods for storing smokeless powder, improved processing of cyclonite (more commonly called RDX), and the discovery of a new explosive, then known as haleite but later known as Ednatol.

Picatinny maintained as much as 49 miles of its own narrow and standard gauge Picatinny Arsenal Railroad to service its many transportation needs (fuel, raw materials, ammunition, etc.). 

Today, Picatinny Arsenal is the Joint Center of Excellence for Guns & Ammunition, providing products to all branches of the US military. More than 6,000 personnel lead in the research, development, acquisition and life-cycle management of advanced conventional weapon systems and ammunition.

Narrative adapted from Picatinny Arsenal official website. 

Photos courtesy of:
Marker & vintage gate - Picatinny Arsenal
Black & white photos - Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) and Picatinny Arsenal

 
Planting the Standard of Democracy in Honor of Newark's Soldiers - Newarkloupe
Lincoln Park
Newark
NJ
USA 07102
1923
Charles Henry Niehaus

This sculpture, placed in Lincoln Park in downtown Newark, was designed by Charles Henry Niehaus, described as one of the foremost monumental sculptors of his generation. 

In 1920, Niehaus received  the commission for this Newark monument. At the base of a tall slender column is a bronze sculpture depicting four soldiers planting a flag. One figure holds the flag about to be unfurled, two figures hold the flagpole in place, and the fourth figure secures the pole at its base. The column is topped by an American eagle. The sculptures rest atop an octagonal base adorned with four reliefs representing Patriotism, Sacrifice, Law and Order, and Fraternity. The base of the sculpture is surrounded by a metal fence.

Niehaus also completed two statues in memory of assassinated President James Garfield.  His first nationally known commission was his 1900 sculpture of Dr. Samuel Hahneman, erected in Scott Circle in Washington, DC. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #76001630, and Los Angeles County Museum of Art, "Charles Henry Niehaus." 

Photos courtesy of:  Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

 
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Princeton Wars Memorial loupe
Nassau & Mercer Streets
Princeton
NJ
USA 08540

The Princeton All Wars Memorial, dedicated in 1925, was designed by architect Harvey Wiley Corbett and sculptor Gaetano Cecere. This memorial takes the form of a semi-circular marble bench, often referred to as an exedra, placed on a circular base.  At the center is a circular 68-inch diameter bronze medallion. The inscription reads: 

Hold dear our sons and daughters
who gave their lives
in the World War for Freedom
1914 — 1918
The Borough and Vicinity of Princeton

Originally created to commemorate those who served in World War I, it was later rededicated to all who have served the United States in a war.  Subsequent inscriptions have been added to commemorate those who served in World War II, the Korean and Vietnam Wars, and Desert Storm.  The original $10,000 cost of the memorial was raised with contributions from Princeton residents and clubs.  

Photos courtesy of: 
Image with flag - RC & Historical Marker Database
All other photos - NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
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Rahway River Parkwayloupe
162 Saint Georges Ave
Rahway
NJ
USA 07067
1919

In 1919, a proposal was made to Union County, New Jersey for a "Memorial Park", now known as the Rahway River Parkway.  It said its creation should serve as a memorial to those young soldiers who had lost their lives in the just-concluded World War I and also a salvation of the Rahway River for future generations. 

The county was urged to act swiftly stating:
"What better memorial could be imagined than to buy and reserve for this purpose one of nature's rarest gifts to Union County in the form of a "Union County Memorial Park?"  The Rahway River possesses a multitude of natural attractions, far beyond the reach of money, which can be made a perpetual monument to those who have remained in France and an endowment of nature to those have not. A dedication of this nature will preserve a priceless evidence of reverence and esteem, and the same time protect the virgin purity and beauty of one of the State's biggest assets and inspire great respect for its future protection."

Photo courtesy of: Friends of Rahway River Parkway 

 

NJ WW1 Centennial Logo cmyk GrayBckgrnd

The State of New Jersey

Contact: NewJersey@worldwar1centennial.org

 

New Jersey World War I
Centennial Partners

New Jersey Historical Commission
sara.cureton@sos.nj.gov

New Jersey Historic Preservation Office
doug.mcvarish@dep.nj.gov

New Jersey State Museum
nicholas.ciotola@sos.nj.gov

New Jersey State Archives
veronica.calder@sos.nj.gov

Rutgers University
rbecker@rulmail.rutgers.edu

New Jersey National Guard Militia Museum
http://nj.gov/military/museum/contact.html

"Pershing" Donors

$5 Million +


Founding Sponsor
PritzkerMML Logo


Starr Foundation Logo


The Lilly Endowment