The pilots gas masks African American Officers African American Soldiers 1 doughboys with mules Mule Rearing Riveters pilots in dress uniforms

Ohio in World War I - Readings and Resources


Educational Resources/ Lesson Plans

“African American Soldiers Labor for Victory.” By Paul LaRue. Ohio Memory.

"Captain Robert S. Marx: Decorated World War I Soldier & Founder of the Disabled American Veterans." By Paul LaRue. Ohio Memory.

"Ohio Companies Participate in World War I: ARMCO and Jeffrey Manufacturing 'Go to War.'” By Paul LaRue. Ohio Memory.

"Searching For Homer Lawson." By Paul LaRue. Ohio Memory.

"World War I Technology Impacts Ohio: United States Army Signal Corps." By Paul LaRue. Ohio Memory.

"World War I: Flanders Fields and Poppies." By Paul LaRue. Ohio History Connection.

Education Resources- National WWI Museum and Memorial. National World War I Museum and Memorial.


Resource guides

“'The First Modern War': Technology in World War I." Ohio Memory.

"From Training to the Trenches: The World War I Soldier Experience." Ohio Memory.

‘'Will you have part in Victory?’: World War I and the American Home Front." Ohio Memory.


Classroom activities

Conservation in the First World War. Ohio Memory.

Diaries as Historic Documents: Personal Accounts of World War I

- A Soldier's Experience. Ohio Memory.

- World War I from an American in Paris. Ohio Memory.

Technology of the First World War. Ohio Memory.


Online Resources

“Military Resources: World War I.” National Archives and Records Administration.

"World War I Union Bibliography." Ohio Memory.

“World War I in Ohio.” Ohio Memory.

Summit County and the Great War - Summit County and the Great War is a collaborative partnership between the Akron-Summit County Public LibraryStan Hywet Hall & GardensSummit County Historical Societyand the University of Akron Archival Services, formed to commemorate Summit County's contribution to the U.S. war effort during World War One (1917-1918)


Suggested Readings

American Battle Monuments Commission:  37th Division Summary of Operations in the World War. Washington, DC: The Commission, 1944.

American Battle Monuments Commission:  42nd Division Summary of Operations in the World War. Washington, DC: The Commission, 1944.

American Battle Monuments Commission: 93rd Division Summary of Operations in the World War. Washington, DC: The Commission, 1944.

Black, Lowell Dwight. “The Negro Volunteer Militia Units of the Ohio National Guard, 1870 - 1954: The Struggle for Military Recognition and Equality in the State of Ohio.” PhD diss., Ohio State University, 1976.

Cadwallader, William.  Major Conelly's Front Line Fighters, France, and Belgium:  Glorious Record, First Battalion, 148th Infantry, 37th Division.  Cleveland, OH:  Conelly, 1919. 

Cease firing: a history of Battery "D," 134th Field Artillery, U.S.N.G., A.E.F. Formerly Battery "D," 1st Ohio Field Artillery. Dayton, OH: The Committee, 1921.

Cheseldine, R. M. Ohio in the Rainbow: Official Story of the 166th Infantry, 42nd Division in the World War. Columbus, OH: F.J. Heer Print. Co., 1924.

Coffin, Louis, and Cameron Haskin Sanders. A History of the Third Field Artillery, Ohio National Guard. Cincinnati, OH: Mounted Press Co., 1928.

Cole, Ralph Dayton, and William Cooper Howells. The Thirty-Seventh Division in the World War, 1917-1918. Columbus, OH: Thirty-Seventh Division Veterans Association, 1926.

Fenker, H.W. The Thirty-Seventh's Bit. Paris, France: Impreimerie de J. Dumolin, 1919.

Griffin, William W. "Mobilization of Black Militiamen in World War I: Ohioans Ninth Battalion." The Historian 40, no. 4 (1978): 686-703.

History of the 322nd Field Artillery. Yale University Press. New Haven, Connecticut, 1920.

Johnson, Ray Neil. Heaven, Hell, or Hoboken. Cleveland, OH: The O.S. Hubbel Printing Company, 1919.

Larson, Erik. Dead Wake: The Last Crossing of the Lusitania. Random House USA, 2016.

Mewett, Alfred. A Brief History of Troop A, 107th Regiment of Cavalry, Ohio National Guard: The Black Horse Troop for Many Years Known as The First City Troop of Cleveland. Cleveland, Ohio: Printed for the active members and the Veterans Association on the occasion of the opening of the new armory, 1923.

Mule Skinners, Supply Company, 135th Field Artillery, 62nd Brigade, 37th Division. Cleveland, OH: The Evangelical Press, 1920.

Koons, Jack Fletcher, Billets and bullets of 37 division; cartoons and ragtime. Cincinnati, OH: The Bacharach Press, 1919.

Reppy, Alison.  Rainbow Memories:  Character Sketches and History of the First Battalion, 166th Infantry, 42nd Division, American Expeditionary Forces.  New York:  The Carey Printing Co., 1919. 

Red guidon "sioixante quinze"; being a complete illustrated history of B battery, 134th field artillery from 1915 to 1919. Akron, OH: The Red Guidon Association, 1920.

The Liaison, A History of Regimental Headquarters Company, 134th U.S. Field Artillery. Dayton, OH: The Otterbein Press, 1919.

The official roster of Ohio soldiers, sailors, and marines in the World War, 1917-1918. Columbus, OH: F. J. Heer Printing Co., 1926.

Thompson, David G. "Ohio's Best: The Mobilization of the Fourth Infantry, Ohio National Guard, in 1917." Ohio History, 101 (Winter-Spring 1992): 37-53.

Tousley, Clyde E.T. War Record and History of the 136th Machine Gun Battalion, 37th Division, U.S. Army, 1917-1919. Youngstown, OH:  Publisher unknown, 1919.

Vourlojianis, George Nick. The Cleveland Grays: An Urban Military Company, 1837-1919. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2002.

Vourlojianis, George Nick. Citizen Soldiers: The 107th Cavalry Regiment, Ohio National Guard. Cleveland, OH: Cleveland Landmarks Press, 2007.

With the 308th engineers from Ohio to the Rhine and back, 1917-1919. Cleveland; 308th Engineers Veterans Association, 1923.


Youth/ YA Reading List

Brooks, Max, and Caanan White. The Harlem Hellfighters. London: Duckworth Overlook, 2015.

Greenwood, Mark. The Donkey of Gallipoli: A True Story of Courage in World War I. Cambridge, MA: Candlewick Press, 2008.

Hill, Laban Carrick. Harlem Stomp!: A Cultural History of the Harlem Renaissance. New York, NY: Little, Brown and Co., 2009.

Lawrence, Jacob, Walter Dean Myers. The Great Migration: An American Story. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1993.

Tardi, Jacques, and Kim Thompson. It Was the War of the Trenches. Seattle, WA: Fantagraphics Books, 2014.

 Williams, Marcia. Archie’s War: My Scrapbook of the First World War 1914-1918. London: Walker Books, 2014.



TIMELINE is an illustrated magazine published quarterly by the Ohio History Connection. TIMELINE’S editorial content embraces the fields of history, prehistory and the natural sciences and is directed toward readers located in the Midwest. The magazine features lively, authoritative and well-illustrated articles, photo-essays and special departments.

The following is a list of TIMELINE articles about World War I. Please contact Cyrus Moore at the Ohio History Connection for information on how to access these articles: cmoore@ohiohistory.org


“An Air Service Pilot in France,” by Carl M. Becker and Ritchie Thomas, January/ February 1993 (Volume 10/ Number1).

“All the News That’s Fit to Print: Adolph Ochs and the New York Times,” by Stephen J. Ostrander, January/ February 1993 (Volume 10/ Number 1).

“The Big Stick (TIMELINE Album),” by Roger Pickenpaugh, September/ October 1995 (Volume 12/ Number 5).

“Hero of the AEF: Hank Gowdy,” by John D Stevens, March/ April 1996 (Volume 13/ Number 2).

“Teddy Rah!: Theodore Roosevelt and German-Americanism,” by Donald L. Huber, November/ December 1996 (Volume 13/ Number 6),

“What Did You Do in the War? World War I Posters,” by James K. Richards, January/ February 2001 (Volume 18/ Number 1).

“Ohio Liberty Trucks (TIMELINE Retrospective),” by Frank R. Levstik, May/ June 2002 (Volume 19/ Number 3).

“Neurosurgery’s Pioneer: Harvey Cushing,” by George W. Paulson, September/ October 2002 (Volume 19/ Number 5).

“Why Fear Death? Charles Frohman Aboard the Lusitania,” by Diana Preston, November/ December 2002 (Volume 19/ Number 6).

Influenza: The Pandemic of 1918-19,” by George W. Paulson, September/ October 2003 (Volume 20/ Number 5).

“Buckeyes in the Rainbow: The 166th U.S. Infantry Regiment in World War I,” by John K. Ohl, October- December 2004 (Volume 21/ Numbers 5-6).

“Defeating the Hun at their Own Game,” by Joel A. Vilensky, April- June 2007 (Volume 24/ Number 2).

“Farm Boy to Famous Flyer: Walter Hinton,” by Louis Keefer, January- March 2008 (Volume 25/ Number 1).

“The American Weigh,” by Ruth K. Meyer, October- December 2011 (Volume 28/ Number 4).

“Russel Wright:  An American Modern,” by Michael Williams, January- March 2012 (Volume 29/ Number 1)

Time Marches West! Weekly News Gatherings from Cleveland,” by John Vacha, January- March 2012 (Volume 29/ Number 1).

“Charles Young: The Talented Tenth and American Empire,” by David P. Kilroy, July- September 2013, (Volume 30/ Number 3).

“Frederick Douglass Patterson” (TIMELINE Biography), by Christopher Nelson, April- June 2014 (Volume 31/ Number 2).

Ohio World War I Centennial Committee

Contact: Sara Fisher, Ohio History Connection: sfisher@ohiohistory.org

Committee Members:

Ron Chapman, American Legion Department of Ohio

Steve Ebersole, American Legion Department of Ohio

Shannon Kupfer, State Library of Ohio 

Paul LaRue, High School History Teacher (Ret.)

Dr. Paul Lockhart, Wright State University

Pete Lupiba, Ohio Department of Education

SFC Joshua Mann, Ohio Army National Guard

David Merkowitz, Ohio Humanities

Colonel Thomas Moe, United States Air Force (Ret.)

Cyrus Moore, Ohio History Connection

Toivo Motter, Stan Hywet Hall & Gardens 

Becky Preiss Odom, Ohio History Connection

Kyle Yoho, The Castle Historic House Museum




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