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American Indians in WWI

Geolocalisation bp
358 W Willoughby Ave
99801 Juneau

This memorial site is composed of multiple stones and a statue.

The monument against east wall of house bears a dedication which reads:

“This memorial is dedicated to all
Alaska Native Veterans,
Southeast who served in the
United States Armed Forces.

Let us not dwell on their passing
but remember their shining Spirits that will live on forever.

World War I, World War II, Korea
Vietnam, Gulf War era, Panama,
Granada, Bosnia, and Afghanistan

We honor all Veterans who served their country

US Army, US Marine Corps, US Navy, US Air Force, US Merchant Marine, Alaska Territorial Guard.”

The monuments on southeast lawn bear the inscriptions:

'Tsimshian Warrior'

Gaayhidaa la aaygaa
'Haida Warrior'

X'egaa kawu
'Tlingit Warrior'

The monuments on northeast lawn bear the inscriptions:

Yl gu. aa yax x'wan
'Tlingit for Courage'

Gudangaay daats gaa:
'Haida for Courage'

'Tsimshian for Courage'

The statue is of an Alaska Territorial Guard wearing an arctic combat uniform and holding an M-1 Garand rifle.

  • Bench
LeFlore County

The Albert Billy Code Talker Bridge is located on US-270, near Mountain Creek, and west of Wister.

3375 Cemetery Hill Rd SE
97352 Jefferson

The All Nations Native American Veterans Memorial Park is dedicated to all Native American veterans, regardless of which tribe they descend from. There are multiple stone memorials in the park. There is at least one memorial stone per war, and upon the stones are inscribed the names of the veterans who fought in the particular war which the stone memorializes.

59022 Crow Agency

This memorial park is dedicated to all Apsaalooke Crow Agency veterans. The park contains a memorial wall, a large statue of a native warrior riding a horse, the flags of the US, Apsaalooke Crow Agency, the branches of the military, and POW-MIA.

  • Brady Hawkins
Northern Rd
04769 Presque Isle

The impetus for the creation of this memorial was the desire of Northern Maine Community College student – Brady Hawkins. For his final project, Hawkins worked with Instructor Dean Duplessis to create a veteran memorial wall for the Aroostook Band of Micmacs. Using NMCC Precision Machining Technology, Hawkins created a collection of life-sized blue anodized metal eagle feathers that each bears an engraved name of a respected Micmac veteran.

Hawkins calls the project: “Kepmite’Lmanej Sma’Knisk,” which translates to “Let us honor the soldiers.”

After completing the project, Hawkins gifted the feathers to the tribe’s new community center, which now serves as their permanent home.

  • Bench
McCurtain County

The Ben Carterby Code Talker Bridge is located on US-259 -- about 5.75 miles south of Smithville. 

  • Bench
Bryan County

The Ben Colbert Code Talker Bridge is located on US-70, about 600 feet west of N3770 Co. Road.

  • Bench
Bryan County

The Benjamin Hampton Code Talker Bridge (Sulphur Creek Bridge) is located on US-70 -- near E2078 Co. Road. 

2300 West Line St.
93514 Bishop

This veterans memorial wall is located inside of the Bishop Paiute Cultural Center. Family members have hung pictures of the veterans upon the wall, and each picture also bears a small tile with the veteran’s name and information about their military service.

E1190 Rd.
73009 Binger

The Caddo Nation Veteran’s Memorial is located outside of the Caddo Heritage Museum. There is an inscription along the top of the grey granite memorial which reads: "Caddo Veterans." Below, the names of Caddo veterans are listed and the branch of the military in which they served.

  • Bench
McCurtain County

The Calvin Wilson Code Talker Bridge is located on US-70 -- east of N4750 Co. Road. 

  • Bench
Bryan County

The Charles Walter Veach Code Talker Bridge is located on the US-70 bypass -- east of Durant.

  • James Killian Spratt
  • Dedication Date: 1995
500 block of Tsali Blvd.
28719 Cherokee

This memorial site is located within the Cherokee Veterans Park. The memorial site, itself, consists of a seven sided granite stele topped with a bronze bust of Medal of Honor recipient Charles George. He is shown wearing an army helmet with the Medal of Honor around the neck. Each side of the stele has a pictograph representing one of the seven clans of the Cherokee Nation: Deer, Blue, Long Hair, Wolf, Bird, Paint and Wild Potato. Incised on the front is the Great Seal of the United States. Below this are the Seal of the Cherokee Nation, then the Fox clan, and then the list of Cherokee veterans killed in action. The other sides of the stele show the Coat of Arms for the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Air Force and Merchant Marine.

Encircling the stele are seven table-stones. They list by clan the names of every known Eastern Band of Cherokee Indian that has served in the armed forces since the war of 1812.

At the entrance to the memorial site is a lectern top granite block with a bronze inscription plaque. On the front of this block, in color, is a mountain landscape. Superimposed over the landscape is a seven sided Cherokee star. Pictured inside the star is an Indian with long flowing hair, trees and mountains in moonlight. And the inscription on this stone reads:

“Cherokee Veterans Park”

“This park is dedicated to all members of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians who served Honorably in the armed forces of this great Nation, and especially to those who died in the effort and to Charles George, the only member of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee to be awarded the congressional Medal of Honor.”

  • Dedication Date: Nov. 11, 2005
17675 S. Muskogee Ave.
74464 Tahlequah

The Cherokee Warrior Memorial is located on the grounds of the Cherokee National headquarters. The memorial is 12 feet tall and is made of black granite.

There is an inscription on the memorial which reads: "A grateful Cherokee Nation dedicates this memorial to all Cherokee men and women, both living and dead, who have defended their families, their people and their homeland. These names are carved in stone forever. POW-MIA, you are not forgotten." The words are etched in both Cherokee syllabary and English.

Behind the wall, there stand ten flag poles: the US flag in the middle, flanked by the POW-MIA flag and Cherokee Nation flag. The remaining seven include the branches of the US military as well as those of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and United Keetoowah Band.

100 Red Moon Circle
73022 El Reno

Cheyenne-Arapaho-Veterans Memorial Wall

This war memorial stands on the grounds of the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribal Headquarters. This is a beautiful war memorial, erected near the tribal administration offices. Four black granite pillars are engraved with the names of tribal members who have served in this Nation's wars. The photo gallery shows closeups of some of the names which are distinctly Native American. Above the four pillars a black granite cross beam reads: "Men and Women Who Served to Protect our Freedoms", and the words: Duty - Honor - Country - Tribe. A red granite gabled pediment is above engraved: "Cheyenne-Arapaho Veterans" and the words: Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) and Hinono'el (Arapaho). The center black pillar has a map of Oklahoma, with tribal symbols. It reads: "In honor of our veterans and the Gold Star Mothers we dedicate this memorial". Beneath that: "Our veterans gave a portion of their lives, and some lost their lives in order for us to enjoy the freedom we have now". The names of those Killed In Action are listed beneath. The memorial stands on an octagonal plaza with two benches and is lit at night. Designed and built by Willis Granite.

Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation
Eagle Butte

This memorial stone is located in the town of Eagle Butte, and honors the Sioux veterans, chiefs, and valiant men who died fighting in WWI.

The impetus to erect this memorial came from Congress, in April 29, 1930, when they passed the resolution to build a memorial in order to honor the twenty-five Sioux men who fought in WWI.

411 W 9th St.
73460 Tishomingo

This stone memorial stands outside of the Chickasaw National Capitol. It is inscribed with the Chickasaw National seal, and the words: “Dedicated to all patriotic Chickasaw men and women who have served their Nation.”

  • Dedication Date: June 9, 1990
45th Infantry Museum 2145 NE 36th St.
73111 Oklahoma City

This memorial is located in a grassy area to the east of the 45th Infantry Division Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The memorial stone is composed of red granite, and is dedicated to alumni of the Chilocco Indian Boarding School who gave their lives in WWI, WWII, Korea and Vietnam. It was dedicated on June 9, 1990, by Chilocco's National Alumni Association on Chilocco's 106th Anniversary.

An inscription along the bottom of the memorial reads:

“To those of the 279th Infantry Regiment who joined with us in combat and fell.

Dedicated to Chiloccoans who gave their all

Dedicated June 9, 1990 on Chilocco's 106th Anniversary

Pride Honor Peace”

Photo courtesy of Forest County Potawatomi

This memorial is inscribed: In Honor of Those Choctaws Who Gave Their Lives in Defense of Our Nation. It is further dedicated to the Choctaw code talkers of WW1. Although Native Americans were not considered citizens during WW1, roughly 10,000 volunteered to serve. Once they reached the front, Native servicemembers were stereotyped as fierce warriors and frequently assigned to dangerous missions. As a result, they suffered casualty rates five times higher than U.S. troops overall.

10 Council House Rd.
74574 Tuskahoma

This memorial park stands outside of the Choctaw National Capitol. It is composed of a series of black granite memorial stones. Entering the memorial area, you pass through a medium-sized black granite arch which is inscribed with the Choctaw insignia, seals of the branches of the military, and the words: “Choctaw War Memorial.” Beyond the memorial arch, stand multiple black granite memorials inscribed with the names of Choctaw veterans.